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  • HOUSES | tidesoftadoussac1

    PREVIOUS Houses NEXT PAGE Select from the pull-down menu above Sélectionnez dans le menu déroulant ci-dessus ​​ ​ ​ ​ ​​ Many more to come... ​​

  • The Old Wooden Wharf | tidesoftadoussac1

    PREVIOUS The Old Wooden Wharf Le vieux quai en bois NEXT PAGE The Wharf in the bay was built in about 1916, this photo from the McCord Museum (Montreal) shows they lacked the equipment used today! ​ ​ ​ Le quai dans la baie a été construit environ 1916, cette photo du Musée McCord (Montréal) montre qu'ils ne avaient pas l'équipement utilisé aujourd'hui! The "Pixie B" Painting by Frank Morewood, about 1925. The goelette at the wharf in Tadoussac is the Pixie B and it towed the barge which could carry two cars. La "Pixie B" Painting par Frank Morewood, circa 1925. La goélette au quai de Tadoussac est le Pixie B et remorquer le chaland qui pourrait transporter deux voitures. ​ In the 1930's Frank Morewood liked to paint watercolours of the wharf, there are 7 of his paintings on this page and two by LilyBell Rhodes ​ Dans les années 1930 Frank Morewood a aimé peindre des aquarelles du quai, il ya 7 de ses peintures sur cette page Et deux par LilyBell Rhodes An early photo of the wharf taken through a field glass, by Sydney Williams 1917. Une photo du quai prise à travers un télescope, par Sydney Williams 1917. Uncle Arthur C-Smith R Lewis Evans ? Nan Wallace (Leggat) ? Painting by Lilybell Rhodes, 1930's Jim Alexander with ladies The expanded Wharf 1930's Le quai élargi ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ The "steps" would be slippery! Les escaliers seraient glissants! Watercolours by Frank E Morewood, 1930's Watercolours by Frank E Morewood, 1930's Painting by Lilybell Rhodes, 1930's The wood on this goelette was used to build our cottage "Windward" also known as "Maison Morewood" on Rue des Pionniers 1936 Le bois sur cette goélette a été utilisé pour construire notre maison "Windward" aussi connu comme "Maison Morewood" sur la Rue des Pionniers 1936 The wharf was badly damaged when the CSL Quebec burned in August 1950, and rebuilt with the steel wharf we see today. Le quai a été gravement endommagé lorsque le CSL Québec brûlé en Août 1950, et reconstruite avec le quai d'acier que nous voyons aujourd'hui. Wharf construction with a crane in the background, and a boat being rebuilt at the same time early 1950's Construction de quai avec une grue en arrière-plan, Et un bateau étant reconstruit en même temps Début des années 50 NEXT PAGE

  • Summer Cottages | tidesoftadoussac1

    PREVIOUS NEXT PAGE Été à Tadoussac Summer 1920-1940 Page 2 of 7 The Summer Cottages Les Chalets d'été I count 17 summer cottages (?) in the 1930's By the 1960's there were about 25, today 45. Tivoli Stevenson (built in the 20's) Amberly Tudor-Hart Ivanhoe Windward (built 1936) Barn Brynhyfryd (old one burned circa 1932, rebuilt) Spruce Cliff Bailey Evans Bayview Dufferin House Fletcher Price Radford and Cap a Jack Je compte 16 chalets d'été Dans les années 1960 il y avait 25 Aujourd'hui environ 45! Ann Stevenson (Dewart), Elizabeth Stevenson (O'Neill), Margaret Stevenson (Reilley) Stevenson Cottage built in 1926 Ivanhoe front porch View from the hill behind Summer House with Dorothy Rhodes (Evans) and Phoebe Evans (Skutezky) and Ainslie Evans (Stephen) and the shed out back, no longer there. Windward built in 1936 The Barn Lennox Williams and his dog Brynhyfryd Burned circa 1932 Rebuilt 1933 Spruce Cliff Bailey Evans Cottage Lewis Evans and his dog Sandy Bayview Cottage Dufferin House Fletcher Cottage Radford in Anse a L'Eau circa 1926, R Lewis Evans with his gun, May Carrington Smith, Nan Gale, Ann (Dewart) Stevenson, Maggie(Reilley) Stevenson at Cap a Jack 10 miles up the Saguenay PREVIOUS NEXT PAGE

  • James Williams & Evelyn Meredith | tidesoftadoussac1

    James William Williams 1888-1916 & Evelyn Meredith 1889-1985 Jim Williams is the oldest son of Lennox Williams and Nan Rhodes. Born in 1888, married Evelyn Meredith January 3, 1916. He was killed in the First World War at the Somme in November 18, 1916 at the age of 28. Jim with some of his first cousins, Frank (Morewood) is my grandfather, about 1892. Jim with his mother Nan Rhodes Williams. ​ Jim with his father Lennox Williams, about 1894. ​ NEXT PAGE PREVIOUS Jim with Granny Anne Dunn Rhodes. ​ ​ Granny, Frank and Jimmy, Charlie Rhodes and Mary Williams Wallace at Benmore (Quebec). ​ ​ ​ First cousins: Nancy, Catherine, Gertrude, ​ ​ Dorothy, Billy, Gertrude, Jim and Bob Campbell (?) ​ ​ Jim is at the bottom of this photo of his family and some friends. ​ ​ ​ Jim with cousin Alice Burstall, not sure what's going on ... ​ ​ Granny and many first cousins, from left: Catherine, Sidney, Bobby, Charlie, Jim (center), Billy, Nancy, Gertrude, Gertrude, Dorothy. ​ ​ ​ Frank Morewood and Jim were cousins and good friends ​ ​ Poitras, Jim, John, Lennox (his father), Charlie with some fish ​ ​ Evelyn Meredith Williams Prayers on the porch at Brynhyfryd? Evelyn Meredith is second from the right. Jim Williams and Evelyn Meredith Williams Sep 11th (1916?) ​ My dear Nan & Daddy, I am writing this by the light of the moon at 2:30 AM, sitting on the fire step of a trench. Things are pretty quiet tonight – just occasional shots with a few bursts of machine gun fire. Our friend the Bosch is just 160 yards in front of us. I received a letter from you this morning – in fact I have had quite a number from you lately but have not had time to answer them. We will be leaving the trenches before long for a rest, bath and brush up generally. We will have had 24 days of it working 19 hours a day and very often 21. In the front line the officers go to bed at six a.m. and get about 4 hours sleep. The men are getting pretty tired. It is the first time in and 24 days is a longer period in trenches without a rest than any Canadian battalion has ever had. We have been fortunate as regards casualties though we have had quite a number. I had 3 men in my plat(oon) killed back in the reserve trench and two wounded. One of the men killed was an excellent NCO and an awfully nice fellow. I shan`t be able to replace him. Thank you for remembering me in your prayers. I expect they were answered last Tuesday night when we had quite a bombardment on. We blazed away at the Hun and their artillery replied. In the of trench which I was commanding it was like Hell let loose for a while. A man was blown in pieces ten yards from me, I was knocked down and the wind taken out of me – I got up and started on when another landed where I had been lying blew me along the trench – fortunately in toto and not in ( Narus partibus). I had to retire when the shelling ceased as I was a bit shaken up. I am all right now and think I got well out of it. They levelled about 30 yards of my trench with the ground, however a working party built it up again before the next morning. Our artillery gave three shots to their one so they have shown no inclination for another bout since then. Evelyn is now on the ocean on her way home. I think it was undoubtedly the wisest course for her to take. She will be happier at home and the climate will be more agreeable. We have had two or three gas alarms since we came to this place. They are rather terrifying at first. The gas has never reached us yet but on the occasion of the 1st alarm we really thought it was coming. One of my sentries said he heard the hissing noise it makes when coming out of the cylinder and shouted ``Here it comes!`` Gongs sounded – sirens blew and tin cans rattled all down the trench and we stood there waiting for it to come over the parapet with very mixed feelings I can assure you. It was a dark night with a drizzling rain and we couldn`t see a thing. A flare went up and the men looked very uncanny with their gas helmets on and the bigh goggles with a rubber tube sticking out in front to breathe out through and on top of it all their steel helmets. It was a great relief when the order came down about an hour afterwards to take helmets off as the gas had passed over some distance to our right. I have had three different servants during the last 3 days. The night I was biffed about my man while coming up a communication trench was blown six feet in the air. He was coming to join me, which he did – apparently none the worse for his ascent – the next day however he was a bit broken up and asked to be relieved so I got another man who wore his boots right down to his socks so I had to get another. In the meantime my first man has been wounded in 3 places – not seriously but he is hors de combat for some time. I think my present man will be kept on permanently. For a servant out here you do not want a valet who will keep your trousers nicely pressed but rather a stout fellow who will plough through mud and water after you with a bomb in one hand and a cup of hot coffee in the other. Well – the moon is on the wane and this luneral letter must end. I will now patrol my trench and see that all are awake. My love to my fair sister and brother and to yourselves. Your letters are very welcome. Your affectionate son J W Williams (transcribed by Jim's great neice Catherine) ​ in France The Sackville Connection After Jim's death Evelyn Meredith married Donald Fisher of Sackville, New Brunswick, and she stayed in touch with the Williams family. We recently met their grandaughter Meredith Fisher (below right holding the photo with my wife Heather) and some of the photos above came from a Fisher album. Meredith also found in her attic a trunk full of photos and other items from World War One, belonging to her grandfather and to Jim Williams. In particular, there was a tie that appears in one of his (civilian) photos above, and his spats, with his signature on the back, ​ shown below. Our daughter Sarah (and Al) recently moved to Sackville and opened a coffee shop (The Black Duck) and often see Meredith and her daughter Robin. Many of the Fisher family went to BCS, and must have known my father (who taught there for 39 years) and many other Tadoussac people. Also the Fishers have a summer house in St. Patrice, which is just on the west edge of Riviere du Loup. ​ ​ ​ ​ NEXT PAGE MORE LETTERS written by Jim Williams have been compiled into a very interesting book by Catherine Williams! Ask her to borrow a copy! I have a copy also in Tadoussac. The following was written by John Leggat Lieutenant James William Williams 87th Battalion (Canadian Grenadier Guards) Canadian Expeditionary Force James William Williams was my Great Uncle, the eldest of four siblings and the brother of my maternal grandmother Mary Wallace (nee Williams). He was born in Quebec City in January 1888. He was the son on the Rt. Rev. Lennox Williams, Anglican bishop of Quebec and his wife Nan (née Rhodes). He served as an officer in the 8th Battalion Royal Rifles of Canada (militia) and volunteered for overseas service in September of 1915 along with my maternal grandfather, Jack Wallace. At the time, they were both lieutenants in the Royal Rifles. Officers of the Canadian Grenadier Guards (87th Battalion) Jim Williams second from left, Jack Wallace second from right They proceeded overseas with the 87th Battalion Canadian Grenadier Guards in 1916. Before the battalion left Quebec City, Jim married Evelyn Fisher and Jack became engaged to my grandmother. After sailing to England in April 1916, the battalion was stationed there as part of the 12th Infantry Brigade (until June) and then 11th Infantry Brigade of the 4th Canadian Infantry Division until August of the same year. On August 11/12, the battalion crossed over to France and served the duration of the war as part of the 11th Infantry Brigade, 4th Canadian Infantry Division. Jack and Jim met up with another one of my uncles upon arriving in France. He was Ronald Alexander, a permanent force officer with the 24th Battalion (Victoria Rifles). At the time Ronald was serving as a major in the battalion and assumed command of the unit in November 2016. Ronald’s military career included staff appointments at RMC in the period between the wars. He retired as a major-general and commanded Pacific Command during WWII. He married Jim’s sister Gertrude in 2017. His memoires describe the conditions at the Somme in September and early October 1916: ​ The Brickfields “On the 10th of September the [24th] Battalion arrived in “the Brickfields”. These consisted of the completely flat plain behind Albert. At 3:15 p.m. on the 29th of September we attacked the enemy’s front line, known as Regina trench, but failed to take it owing to uncut wire entanglements and withering fire. At 6:00 p.m. the enemy counter-attacked but we successfully stopped him. On the 29th and 30th, we were very heavily shelled not only by the enemy, but also with our own guns. We repulsed another enemy counter-attack. At 3:15 p.m. on 1 October our barrage went over our heads and we went over the top. The 5th C.M.R. on our left failed to get across, which left my left flank in the air. The 25th Battalion on my right was held up by wire. Some of the 24th Battalion succeeded in getting into a German trench, but whether it was Regina trench or not, we did not know. Our casualties had been very heavy and the whole situation looked very critical. That night we finally came to the conclusion that the 24th were in Kenora trench, but Regina trench everywhere was in enemy hands. On 2 October, the Battalion, or what was left of it, was relieved. In order to pick up the wounded in Nomansland, one of our stretcher bearers painted a red cross with jam on a white bandage and walked out holding it aloft. In a few minutes both sides were picking up their wounded under the protection of a white flag. Back in the Usna Valley the battle scared remnants of the [5th Infantry] brigade were fed from a field kitchen. They only totalled 600 and of these less than 100 were mine. There were tears running down the cheeks of Brig. Gen. Archie MacDonnell [RMC #151, Commandant RMC 1919 to 1925] as he stood and looked at what was left of his brigade” ​ ​ During this period my Uncle wrote these words to his parents: September 11th “I am writing this by the light of the moon at 2.30 a.m., sitting on the fire step of a trench. Things are pretty quiet tonight - just occasional shots with a few bursts of machine gun fire. Our friend the Bosch is just 160 yards in front of us. We will be leaving the trenches before long for a rest, bath and brush up generally. We will have had 24 days of it working 19 hours a day and very often 21. In the front line the officers go to bed at 6 a.m. and get about four hours sleep. The men are getting pretty tired. It is their first time in and 24 days is a longer period in trenches without a rest than any Canadian battalion has ever had. We have been fortunate as regards to casualties, though we have had quite a number. I had 3 men in my plot killed back in the reserve trench and two wounded. One of the men killed was an excellent NCO and an awfully nice fellow. I shan’t be able to replace him. Thank you for remembering me in your prayers. I expect they were answered last Tuesday night when we had quite a bombardment on. In the sector of trench which I was commanding it was like Hell let loose for a while. A man was blown to pieces ten yards from me. I was knocked down and the wind taken out of me - I got up & started on when another landed where I had been lying & blew me along the trench - fortunately in toto and not in nariis partibus. I had to retire when the shelling ceased as I was a bit shaken up. I am alright now & think I got well out of it. They levelled about 30 yards of my trench with the ground, however, a working party built it up again before the next morning. Our artillery gave three shots to their one so they have shown no inclination for another bout since then. We have had two or three gas alarms since we came to this place. They are rather terrifying at first. One of my sentries said he heard the hissing noise which it makes when coming out of the cylinders & shouted “here it comes”. Gongs sounded - sirens blew and tin cans rattled all down the trench and we stood there waiting for it to come over the parapet with very mixed feelings I can assure you. It was a dark night with a drizzling rain & we couldn’t see a thing. A flare went up & the men looked very uncanny with their gas helmets on & the big goggles with a rubber tube sticking out in front to breathe out through & on top of it all their steel helmets. It was a great relief when the order came down about an hour afterwards to take the helmets off as the gas had passed over some distance to our right. I have had five different servants during the last 3 days. The night I was biffed about my man, while coming up a communication trench was blown six feet in the air. He was coming to join me, which he did - apparently none the worse for his ascent - the next day however, he was a bit broken up & asked to be relieved so I got another man who wore his boots right down to his socks so I had to get another. In the meantime my first man has been wounded in 3 places-not seriously but he is hors de combat for some time. I think my present man will be kept on permanently. For a servant out here you do not want a valet who will keep your trousers nicely pressed but rather a stout fellow who will plough through mud and water after you with a bomb in one hand and a cup of hot coffee in the other!” ​ November 2nd “We have been in this town for two days now. When I last wrote we expected to go into the front line that night and I had just about said my last prayers as we were in for something pretty heavy however, the weather put a stop to it and we were taken back here till things dry up a bit which is just as well as we hadn’t many men to carry on. Our ranks were badly depleted in our last tussle with the Hun. I am told that the Battalion was mentioned in dispatches for what we did. It is an awful country up there near the front. You cannot find four square yards which has not been ploughed up by a shell and dead Huns lie round all over the place, also our own dead, some of whom have been there for months and the stench is awful. One of our men found Harry Scott’s body and buried it. It is hard enough to get the wounded out of that place and as a rule all one can do for the dead is to recover their identification discs. The whole place is under shell fire all the time.” ​ November 14th “I expect to be in the front line tonight but orders were changed and we are still in our dugouts in reserve. We provide working and carrying parties to go up to the front but I was not called on tonight. Errol Hall went up with one & Sam & I are waiting for him to return. We lost Todd in our last turn and I must write his father (he is in the CR in Mont) as I was the last officer to see him. I was sniped by the same chaps that got him but was fortunately missed. I had to go overland about 40 yards from the Bosch line in broad daylight. They were decent enough not to fire – if they had they could not have missed. The sniping came from further back. We had to go overland that day because the communication trenches were waist deep in mud. We had gone ahead to look over the trenches the battalion was to take over in the evening” ​ Events of November 18th Shortly after 6:00 a.m. on November 18th the Canadian 11th Brigade attacked Desire Trench. The 87th Battalion was one of four of the Brigade in the assault that was supported by a heavy creeping artillery barrage. The brigade achieved its objective and two of its battalions, the 87th and the 38th continued on from Desire Trench to Coulée Trench and Grandcourt Trench, all by 9:00 a.m. Formations on the flanks, however, were not able to achieve the same results. The two battalions being in a rather precarious salient were ordered to return to the original objective, Desire Trench. It was during this withdrawal the Lieutenant Williams was killed by enemy machine gun fire. He was buried at Bapaume Military Cemetery. The action of the day is described in both the war diary of the 87th and the war diary of the 3rd Siege Battery RCA that was penned by my paternal grandfather Lt Col William Leggat, whose unit was among those providing artillery support on the day. Excerpts from the 87th Battalion War diary – November 18th “The objective was Desire Support Trench .... The night was extremely cold, the ground being frozen and a light snowfall about 3 a.m. had obscured all trace of the trench lines. The attack commenced a 6:10 a.m. and following the barrage closely, the objective was taken without a great deal of resistance by the enemy. Major F.E. Hall, Lieut. E.V. Hall, Lieut. J. W. Williams, Lieut. C.H. Eagley. Lieut R.G. Lefebvre. 39 other ranks and 2 machine guns proceeded on to Grandcourt Trench, part of which they captured taking in the operation some 112 Germans who were sent back to our lines under escort of wounded men. Owing to the attack on the left not being in position to push further, Major Hall was ordered to evacuate the Trench at dusk dropping back to Desire Support Trench. This was done but in so doing Major Hall and Lieut. Williams were killed and Lieut. Hall and Lieut. Eagley wounded. Casualties among officers 4 killed and 9 wounded, and among other ranks 26 killed. 50 missing and 148 wounded.” From the 3rd Siege Battery War Diary – November 18th “Opened fire today at 6:10a.m. in support of the attack on Desire Trench. The weather was thick, with flurries of snow and underfoot the ground was in dreadful condition. The following divisions took part in the attack. 4th Canadian Division, support by the 1st and 3rd Canadian Divisional Artillery; 19th Imperial Division, supported by the 11th and 25th Imperial and 2nd Canadian Divisional Artillery; 19th Imperial Division supported by the 17th, 18th and 19th Imperial Division Artillery and one Brigade R.H.A. We expended over 600 rounds on this task. Our troops gained their objective and pushed on to Coulee Trench where they were subject to heavy bombardment and were forced to retire to Desire Trench. It is reported that we took 1600 prisoners.” A poem by Frederick George Scott seems fitting. He was known as the Poet of the Laurentians. An Anglican Church minister, he joined the Canadian Army in 1914 at the age of 53 and went overseas as the Senior Chaplain of the 1st Canadian Division. ------------------------------------- A Grave in Flanders All night the tall trees overhead Are whispering to the stars; Their roots are wrapped around the dead And hide the hideous scars. The tide of war goes rolling by, The legions sweep along; And daily in the summer sky The birds will sing their song. No place is this for human tears. The time for tears is done; Transfigured in these awful years’ The two worlds blend in one. This boy had visions while in life Of stars and distant skies; So death came in the midst of strife A sudden, glad surprise. He found the songs for which he yearned, Hope that had mocked desire; His heart is resting now, which burned With such consuming fire. So down the ringing road we pass, And leave him where he fell. The guardian trees, the waving grass, The birds will love him well. St. Jans Capelle 1915 ---------------------------------- From In Sun and Shade, A book of Verse Canon Frederick George Scott, C.M.G., D.S.O. Dussault and Proulx Rgd, Quebec, 1926 Canon Scott’s son, Henry Hutton Scott, was an officer in the 87th Battalion. He was a close friend of Jim Williams and Jack Wallace. He was killed at Regina Trench on the 21st of October 1916 and is also buried at Bapaume Military Cemetery. Scott dedicated In Sun and Shade to his son with this short verse: “E’en as he trod that day to God, So walked he from his birth, In simpleness and gentleness, In honour and clean mirth ​ Prepared by 8833 Colonel (ret’d) L. John Leggat – January 2018

  • Fletcher | tidesoftadoussac1

    PREVIOUS Fletcher Cottage NEXT PAGE early 1900's >>>>>> This cottage was built in the 1870's by the secretary to Lord Dufferin, who had recently built Dufferin House. Ce chalet a été construit dans les années 1870 par le secrétaire de lord Dufferin, qui avait récemment construit Dufferin Chambre. 1930's

  • James Rhodes | tidesoftadoussac1

    PREVIOUS Captain James Rhodes 1819-1901 brother of Col William Rhodes NEXT PAGE James Rhodes (uncle Jimmie) was Col William Rhodes's older brother. He was born in Bramhope, Otley, York, England He came and lived in Canada with his brother at times, and summered in Tadoussac. As the oldest male he inherited from his parents, and it looks like he enjoyed his visits to Quebec. James Rhodes (Oncle Jimmie) était le frère aîné du colonel William Rhodes. Il est né à Bramhope, Otley, York, Angleterre Il est venu et a vécu au Canada avec son frère à certains moments, et ses étés à Tadoussac. Comme l'mâle le plus âgé, il a hérité de ses parents, et il semble qu'il jouissait ses visites à Québec. This portrait of James Rhodes was taken by William Notman in 1871, he would be 52 years old. Some photos in my website have come from the McCord Museum Ce portrait de James Rhodes à 52 ans a été prise par William Notman en 1871. Quelques photos de mon site viennent de le Musée McCord Circa 1885, Col. William Rhodes sharing a drink with his brother Jimmie Circa 1885, Le Colonel William Rhodes partager une bouteille avec son frère Jimmie Circa 1890, with his great-nephew Charlie Rhodes on the gallery at Benmore, Sillery, Quebec (check out the toy) Circa 1890, avec son petit-neveu Charlie Rhodes sur la galerie à Benmore, Sillery, Quebec Census of Canada 1891 James 71, "Gentleman", was living in Quebec with his Brother William, described as "Gentleman Farmer". Recensement du Canada de 1891 James 71, "Gentleman", vivait au Québec avec son frère William, décrit comme "Gentleman Farmer". Census of England 1901 James Rhodes at 81, "Retired Army Captain", is living at Oxford Lodge, Ewell Road, Surbiton, southwest of London, with a housekeeper and her children. Recensement de l'Angleterre 1901 James Rhodes à 81, «capitaine de l'armée retraité ", vit à Oxford Lodge, Ewell Road, Surbiton, sud-ouest de Londres, avec une femme de ménage et de ses enfants. Notice of Death 17 August 1901. His effects totalled £11291 6s 7d! Avis de décès 17 Aout 1901 Ses effets ont atteint £ 11,291 6s 7d! NEXT PAGE

  • Rhodes LETTERS P1-20 | tidesoftadoussac1

    page 1 Rhodes Letters 1846 - 1890 William Rhodes [WR1] 1791-1869 is the author of most of these letters, writing from England to his son in Canada. He has been a widower for almost 20 years at this point. ​ Col. William Rhodes [WR2] 1821-1892 was living in Canada with his wife and ever-increasing family (9 children born from 1848 to 1867. As recipient none of the letters are written by him, but he must have saved them. ​ Godfrey Rhodes 1850-1932 [WR2]'s second son, (he is also the author of "Godfrey's Diary") collected and read the letters in 1915, and wrote notes on them to his brother, another William Rhodes [WR3], my great-grandfather. ​ There's a family tree on page 4 for your reference! ​ ​ (note attached) WR. This letter is rather interesting showing that early in life father [WR1] was interested in Uncle James (Rhodes). Grandfather must have been under 50 years of age when he wrote the letter in 1846 and father only about 23. I daresay Frank and his sisters would like to see the letter. It may then be torn up. Godfrey W Rhodes 1915. ​ Lucerne July 23, 1846. My dear William [WR2] I think it necessary to answer that part of your letter to Annie, in which you a second time propose yourself as a mediation between your brother James and me; and though it seems harsh after the recent events in our family to decline the offer, yet I must do it. I know it would only contribute to imbitter my remaining years, was your brother to be obtruded into my family, and as with the assistance of your Uncle and Grandfather, I have been enabled to find him a respectable home, if he had thought proper to accept it, I do not see that I am called upon to receive a person into my house, whose habits of life, are so uncongenial to my own. The same liberty which I claim for myself, I willingly concede to you, and I have only one objection to your asking him to spend such time as you think proper with you in England. He is the last in the entail of your great grandfather's will, and at the death of your uncle, and myself, will come in for the receipt of about three thousand [pounds] a year, the principle of which will be under his own control. I have studiously kept this information from him, having no doubt that he would raise money upon such expectation. Should you by bringing him over to England, put him in the way of acquiring this knowledge, no doubt you would receive his thanks, but whether you would receive the thanks of his family /should he ever have one/ or your own, I very much doubt. You will of course act as you think best. Your brothers, Godfrey and Frances, may I also think that this explanation is due to them, though heretofour they have been content to submit to my wishes. To prevent the unpleasantness of a third explanation, you will oblige me by forwarding this letter to each of them. In my transactions with my children, I hope I am actuated by honest motives, but when they are enabled to maintain themselves, I do not see that they can claim any right to disturb my quiet mode of living. Your brother James I neither can, or will , receive as an inmate of my house, though I am willing to do him any kindness out of it. I am sorry that our views do not coincide, for no doubt we are both actuated by what we think good motives. Your Grandfather and Uncle, who are aware of all these circumstances, happily approve of my conduct. As Annie is writing you a long letter by this days post, You will excuse my writing more, and believe me ever to from your affectionate father and sincere friend WRhodes William Rhodes [WR1] 1791-1869 is the author of most of these letters, writing from England (or in this case Switzerland). Ann Smith -1827 his wife died 19 years ago ​ Annie 1820-1913 is his daughter who often stays with him. ​ William Rhodes [WR2] 1821-1892, the second son, came to Canada in the 1840's, and married Anne Dunn 1823-1911. They would not be married until a year after this letter. ​ James Rhodes 1819-1901 is William's older brother, and is entitled to inherit a substantial sum and income on the death of his father and uncle. This information has been kept from him, because they do not approve of his lifestyle, and feel that he will borrow against his future estate and then spend it all. Income of £3000 a year would be £200-300,000 annual income today. page 2 page 3 Great Grandfather is James Armitage (1730-1803) who during the 18th century, built a substantial fortune as a wool merchant in Leeds. He bought Farnley Hall west of Leeds near the end of his life, and the Armitages had major business interests including Iron and Steel works in the 1800's in Leeds. ​ Brothers of William Rhodes [WR2] Godfrey 1823-1905 and Francis 1825-1920 are both in their early 20's and live in England. Grandfather is WR1's wife's father Christopher Smith 1767-1846. He actually died 2 weeks before this letter was written on July 10, 1846 at Bramhop (where the Rhodes family lived for many years). Uncle is WR1's older brother (known as JAR) 1785-1871, more about hime later! page 4 (written by William Rhodes WR1) Brighton May 28 1852 ​ My dear Godfrey I put off writing to you in hopes that I should now be able to give you some account of Rifle which you desired me to order for you. The order was given by your brother William who I thought I understood such matters better than I did, the Man took a copy of your letter, so that at all events he has your instructions, and knows through my Bankers that I am ready and willing to pay; but when your brother called on him when leaving England, the Man told him that he feared he should have much difficulty with the Patentee, who would promise anything, and taken so many orders that it was impossible for him to execute the whole of them in any reasonable time. Now as I who am the paymaster have heard nothing, I begin to fear that your case will be put off to suit the convenience of the Patentee, more particularly as you are not near enough to prep him on your own account; but even good may arise out of the delay, as I understand continual improvements are making in the construction of these arms, and as your Regiment does not seem likely just at present to take the field, a month or two may make no difference to you, and you may perchance get a better Rifle. However this is all the consolation I can give you under your disappointment. ​ And now for home news; public news you will find in the newspapers. Never send me anything that does not immediately concern you or your Regiment. I have had three of poor Caroline's children staying with me for the last fortnight, They have come to take dancing lessons, which I suppose ours to be had to greater perfection here than at Guernsey. John is the youngest boy, a fine lad,/the other boy James is at school/ came with his sisters who remind me very much of my own daughters, Indeed they are so like them, that it is quite clear one generation treads in the footsteps of those preceeding it. They are nice genteel girls very like your sisters, and had they been left in my charge, I would have taken a house at Boulogne, and gone over so that they might have learned the french language, for unhappily like all children not being forced, they will not converse in the language. It has been a great pleasure to me to see them and they return to their Father early in June. Their mother-in-law is I believe to be confined in August; she had a mishap I understand last year. I see the "Canada" the ship in which your brother returned in is safe at Boston, though I have not heard from Willie. Francis writes me that he is very busy removing his things from Markington, and hopes in a day or two to be safe at Kirskile. I shall go down into that country in July, and wander about perhaps into Scotland, in return home in October; during those months therefore my address will be at Kirskile, and Wm Myers will forward letters to me. In all other respects we get on as much as usual, your sister is in Paris with her husband and I believe they propose passing the summer in Switzerland, but this does not seem quite certain, at any rate I know nothing of their return to England. Francis remains at Kirskile until Cayley Hall is at liberty, And then he takes possession; and your Uncle and Aunt Rhodes are well as usual, though your Aunt complains of old age and its accompaniments. As to your Aunt Caroline, I understand that she takes matters quietly just at present, though report says that the Doctor's money matters are in a very bad way, and that he is going to give up his house, going to furnish rooms at Leeds, Aunt Caroline living in a house she has got in the country near Pontefract. ​ ​ ​ Now about your purchase of the Majority, if such a thing were to occur: all my military friends tell me that you ought to return your money as ready in the hands of Mssrs Brown, Bankers, London. The A tion,gent gives them notice to lodge the regulation, and thus the business is done; I have given Browns orders to do so in my name. When you see any chance, warned me and I will take care the money shall be ready. The weather has been very cold and dry, for two months and more, with the wind NE now it is accompanied with rain, but it still remains cold; we have had no summer weather yet. I have no more to write to you about but wishing you every happiness I remain your affectionate Father WRhodes ​ All the world is either in London or in Paris, Capt Georges and two or three other men alone remain in Brighton. The "Canada" would have looked something like this ship ​ Kirskile was later called Creskeld, and was given to Francis later on. More below! ​ Wm Myers is a servant who worked for the Rhodes family for many years, there's a letter written by him, below! ​ The sister is Ann Elizabeth 1820-1913, married to Patrick Durham. ​ Uncle and Aunt Rhodes are [WR1]'s brother James Rhodes (JAR) and his wife Mary, they are in their 60's. ​ Aunt Caroline 1795-1864 is [WR1]'s sister, her husband is a physician. page 6 The rifle may have been this one, named after the French inventor of the rifling system, which spins the bullet increasing accuracy and distance. It was a major leap forward in the design of the British service arm. ​ The Crimean War took place between 1853 and 1856 in which the Russian Empire lost to an alliance of the Ottoman Empire , France , Britain. Not sure if Godfrey was involved. ​ page 7 Godfrey Rhodes 1823-1905 is William [WR2]'s brother, who would be 19 at this time. He is not to be confused with Godfrey who wrote the notes and the diary, who was only born in 1850 so too young for a rifle! ​ "poor" Caroline is his daughter 1818-1846, she died 6 years before the letter was written. Her husband was John St Vincent 3rd Baron de Saumarez of Guernsey and there are 3 children.. By mother-in-law he probably means step-mother, their father remarried in 1850. page 5 Purchase of the "Majority" The purchase of officer commissions in the British Army was the practice of paying money to be made an officer in the British Army. One could pay money, and automatically be made an officer. Utilizing this practice, one did not have to wait to be promoted because of merit or seniority. This practice was common throughout most of the history of the British Army. Formally, the commission purchase price was a cash bond for good behaviour, forfeited to the Army 's cashiers (accountants) in the event of cowardice, desertion or gross misbehaviour. The practice started in 1683 during the reign of Charles II and continued until abolished on 1 November 1871, as part of the Cardwell Reforms . (wikipedia) Brighton England in the 1800's ​ (written by William Rhodes WR1 to Anne Dunn Rhodes, WR2's wife) Brighton July 6th, 1852 My dear daughter I have a letter this morning from your husband to tell me that he is going to Cuba to get rid of a cough which he found, and brought back from the far west. Now all this seems so strange to me that I do not understand him. Had I known he had any such intentions, I should have begged him to have come to England, as there are some little family matters which rather require his attention. My Brother, and my dear son Francis, are not contented that my son James should be kept in ignorance of his future prospects. (I?) decline to move in the matter, but am quite ready to give up all authority to those who will. Your husband is far more interested than any other other person, because if James was to die, a property of about 60,000 pounds would go to him as heir to my Brother and myself, and in case of his death to your eldest son. But when James comes into possession, he may do just what he likes with it. This raises the question whether it is advisable during my life, that James should know his expectations, and as I by no means see my way clear before me I am unwilling to move, more particularly when your husband is in my opinion the person far the most interested. The circumstance has caused a little unpleasantness between me and my Brother, who is not used to have his will disputed. I feel however I am acting for the best, but had you husband been in England his opinion and wishes would have had very great weight with me. After all I have no doubt that this, like many other little family difficulties, will be got over by patience and a little mutual forbearance. James himself knows nothing of what is going on, and so far as I am informed, is going on better than usual. I did not encourage your husband to come to England and more particularly to live at Kirskile not because I should not have been glad to see you, but because I wished such an act to have been his own, and because at my death (as matters stand at present) Kirskill will have to be sold for the benefit of my younger children, and then, and no person can tell how soon that event may happen, he would again have to seek a new home. William perhaps in a few years may change his plans and views of life, his own pleasures will naturally give way to the interests of his family, if they are to live in Canada perhaps he can not do better than he is now doing, but if they are to live in England they are best having an English education, and acquiring in early life the customs of the country where they are to dwell. At present however these things are of little moment, if you and he are happy, and contented, enjoy yourself by all means whilst you are young, for with age cares and pains arise which we little dream of when in the sunshine of our existence. His ways are not my ways, but we may remain good friends nevertheless, and you may depend on it no person has more your real benefit at heart than I have. page 8 This letter is, like the first letter 6 years ago in 1846, about WR1's oldest son James, pictured at right. As the oldest son he is set to inherit a sizeable fortune, but he does not know. His father has kept this inheritance a secret from James, because his father feels he will squander the fortune. The fortune comes from James Armitage (1730-1803), who built a substantial fortune as a wool merchant in Leeds. He is the grandfather of William Rhodes WR1, on his mother's side. Elizabeth Armitage 1763-1825 and Peter Rhodes (1759-1837) were WR1's parents. ​ Kirskile is mentioned again, it was a large house owned by the Rhodes family. Annie is yet in Wales, but I expect her to pay me a visit at the latter end of this month, and if my house and plans suit her husband ideas, I hope she will remain with me some months. I have got on very well so far, fortunately I can read for hours together with great pleasure, my memory is so bad that perhaps I do not profit much, but yet it is a great source of comfort to me. I seldom turn out before two o’clock, and am at home again usually by five, when not going out to dinner which I might do if I liked almost every other day, I read until 7 o’clock, from eight to ten is the worst part of the day, as about nine, I long for a little conversation, and sometimes look at the clock more than once until it strikes ten. Had I been told forty years ago that I should have been content, and happy with this kind of monotonous life, I would not have believed it, but yet it is so; and the country, particularly at this season of the year, would not suit my plans in the least. As your husband is away from you I have taken this occasion to write to you, as I know from experience when left alone it is a comfort to know that others care for one. And now my dear young lady, I have written you a long letter all about myself, trusting you will follow my example as depend on it I shall ever have a great interest for you, and should misfortune ever reach you and you required it, in me you will ever find a kind friend and affectionate Father Yours faithfully WRhodes page 9 57 BK square Brighton February 12, 1857 My dear Willie The “imperial government” as you are pleased to call it as promised to take 9? in the ?? off, which last year they took from my income, for which I feel much obliged; and as this is the only part of their conduct which interest me, I send you the news though no doubt you will have heard it long ago. So far and no further do I interest myself about the imperial government; and so much for getting old and wanting zeal. ​ And now about our noble family, James goes on much as usual, having got all he could out of me he has been extracting something out of the Reverend JAR: and Francis without any application, has had a present of Kirskile made to him, my brother giving me 15,000 pounds for that property, which as I only get 3 3/4% for will leave my income much the same; though Francis has done well as it is worth more than 15,000 if sold in lots, in fact it cost 18,000 pounds. Neither he or I knew anything about the matter until the proposition was made by my brother. He is gone down to take possession so that matter is over. Then as to Godfrey I continue in disgrace, and as nothing will convince Godfrey but that if I had liked I could have got the estate for him, I fear our reconciliation is far off, when God knows I was never more surprised you in my life when the proposition was made to me. ​ As to myself I am living much as I used to do. I have Annie, her husband, and three children in the house, and as she knows my ways all goes on in the very quiet satisfactory manner, and the children are no trouble to me. I fancy they will remain here until the middle of April when they will return into Wales. In May and I always go down into the north, as I like the spring in the country, and my brother usually spends a fortnight or three weeks at Harrowgate , and I take a lodging near him and thus we our company for each other, and I pass the day with them, either walking out or drinking tea as the case may be. ​ The last week has been beautiful; bright and warm and dry, with a little frost at night, with the wind NW but very little of it, and the old man is well and enjoys the hot sun. Aunt Caroline (his sister, photo) is as large as life, much larger than the generality of women, and complains much with very little cause. Aunt Mary has been far from well but is now in her usual health, and the Rev JAR was never better in his life. In the times you will see the sad account of Lord Harwood, any turn for the worse puts his life in immediate danger, as his skull is worse than fractured it is shattered. God help him poor man. I am very sorry for Godfrey, He has been ill used on every side; the girl turned him off after making a fool of him, and the Commander-in-Chief won't give him a promotion. But then he would take no persons advice and in some measure has brought the misery on his own head; Not that it is better to bear on that account. Annie joins me in best love to your wife, and believe me ever your affectionate father WRhodes. page 11 (5 years later, written by William Rhodes WR1. He is once again in Brighton, and this time we have an address, 57 Brunswick Square! ​ ​ Annie is WR1's 37 year old daughter, her husband is Patrick Durham, an Army Captain. WR1's older brother is Reverend James Rhodes, known as JAR, and his wife is Mary Turner, both shown at right. From about 1845-65 they lived at Wood End in Roundhay, shown as it is today. The next two pages is an (abridged) biography of JAR James Armitage Rhodes, not part of the letters, written by Neville Hurworth who lives in Leeds and has researched this area. page 10 The Reverend James Armitage Rhodes 'Clerk Without Cure of Souls' A Remarkable Man © By Neville Hurworth The Reverend James Armitage Rhodes (hereon abbreviated to JAR for convenience) was a well-liked and respected member of the influential families of Roundhay and north Leeds. He was also a man of substance in local affairs and throughout the West Riding during the middle years of the nineteenth century. For about twenty years he and his wife lived in Roundhay at Wood End, now Sabourn Court, a BUPA residential home for the elderly, off Oakwood Lane. ​ JAR was born on 9 February 1785, the son of Peter Rhodes of the Bank, Leeds, a partner in the firm of Peter and James Rhodes, leather dressers and fellmongers of Nether Mills near Marsh Lane. Peter married Elizabeth Armitage, daughter of James Armitage, a very wealthy merchant of Hunslet. When James (Armitage) died in 1803, he left £10,000 to each of four granddaughters and seven grandsons, including JAR. James Armitage also held the manor of Farnley (which he had bought in 1799 from the Danby family in whose possession it had been for six centuries) and part of the manor of Hunslet. The Armitage ironmasters of Farnley Hall were descended from him. ​ Peter Rhodes decided his eldest son, JAR, would be raised as a gentleman's son so in 1802 he was sent to Queens' College Cambridge where he graduated BA in 1806, and MA in 1809. In 1812 he was ordained at Holy Trinity Church in Leeds on Boar Lane. However, the Reverend James Armitage Rhodes AM, as he was now known, never sought a benefice where he could take spiritual charge of his parishioners, so he was known as a 'clerk with no cure of souls' and his participation in the church services was limited. ​ In 1794 the Mayor of Leeds, Alexander Turner, responding to the threat of invasion from France, supported the creation of militia units to defend the town. Peter and James Rhodes, JAR's father and uncle, joined the Troop of Volunteer Cavalry, James as a Captain. In November 1797, the Troop was presented with their standard by JAR's mother, Mrs Peter Rhodes, on Chapeltown Moor (an area of about 100 acres which roughly followed the line of Stainbeck Lane, Chapel Allerton, and to the south of it, to Potternewton Lane) 3 In 1810 Alexander Turner served again as Mayor of Leeds; that same year JAR married his only daughter Mary Turner at St Peter's, Leeds Parish Church. There is no doubt JAR was a deeply religious man. He was sometimes moved to tears as he read the lessons in church, much to the amusement of some of the children in the congregation. One of these was Emily Nicholson, the eldest daughter of William Nicholson Nicholson who later married JAR's nephew William James Armitage. Emily called these occasions 'weeping Sundays'. Right up to a few weeks before he died in his 87th year JAR was still actively participating in the services at his local church. Mary was quite a catch. Her father, Alexander Turner was a wealthy Leeds merchant with land and property and banking interests. On her mother's side, Mary was descended from the King and the Cockcroft families, who had been landed gentry in the Calderdale area for centuries. The Cockcrofts had connections by marriage with another long-established family of property and influence, the Stanhopes, and in due course by some genealogical good fortune, Mary profited by legacies from all these three families on her mother's side. In particular, she owned much land in the Hebden Bridge area. Alexander Turner moved from Leeds to Mytholm Hall not long before he died and this soon became Mary Rhodes' property. Mary was a strong-willed woman, accustomed to having her own way. She gave land for Hebden Bridge Parish Church to be built at Mytholm. It is said the vicar had to seek her approval for the hymns and if she disliked some part of his sermon she showed her disapproval by tapping her cane loudly on the floor during the service! In the early 1800s, JAR's father, Peter Rhodes, rented Horsforth Hall from Walter Stanhope of Cannon Hall and not long after JAR's marriage, JAR and Mary went to live there. Peter returned to Leeds to a house in Park Place where he died in 1836. Letters have survived which show another example of Mary Rhodes' wilful reputation. The gardener at Horsforth Hall suddenly announced to JAR that he wished to leave his employment. Not wanting to lose him if at all possible, JAR pressed the man for an explanation but could only get out of him that 'there were page 12 things in the family he could not be comfortable with'. Not satisfied with this, JAR continued to ask around and was eventually told 'Mrs Rhodes' behaviour was one principal objection'. JAR's reply was significant. 'I am sorry', he said rather sadly, but 'that, I cannot alter'. ​ A friend of the Bronte's, the Reverend Mr Sowden was also a special friend of JAR and his wife Mary. It seems that her reputation was not localised, as research currently underway by Mr Hunter of Bacup, a Bronte expert, suggests that Mrs Mary Rhodes could have been the real life model for the wild child Cathy in Wuthering Heights. ​ JAR and his brother William Rhodes, served the community as local magistrates, for several years dispensing justice in the public house, now called 'The Seventh Earl', close to Horsforth Park gates but Horsforth Hall in the Park was largely demolished in the 1950s. Like many men of his social standing, JAR became a Deputy Lieutenant for the West Riding and served on the bench. In due course he became a very able Chairman of the Quarter Sessions, a position he occupied for many years. In this role he was senior to dozens of his local peers and other influential men including members of the Lascelles family of Harewood House. There are many accounts in the newspapers of court proceedings which reveal JAR's sense of fairness and humanity. Of considerable local interest is the account of his handling of the inquiry into what happened when William Nicholson Nicholson shot and killed his gamekeeper after mistaking him for a burglar He was really impressive though in his address to the Grand Jury in 1833 as Chairman of the Quarter Sessions where he was dismayed to find ninety prisoners arraigned in front of him facing possible deportation, a greater number than at any of the preceding sessions. The Government was pressing for even larger numbers to be deported and more severe punishments to be introduced but JAR was appalled at this trend and totally against it. In his years on the bench he had seen drunkenness as a major cause of crime. This needed to be restrained, he said, and he went on to argue the case for religious instruction and more general education especially for young offenders.8. In 1840, JAR wrote to William Williams Brown about his intention to leave Horsforth. He had heard that 'Beechwood', Mr Goodman's house in Roundhay (off Elmete Lane, which can still be seen from Wetherby Road), was to be sold but he later declared the asking price of £20,000 was too much for him and he decided he would rather have 'a little quiet place'. A few years later JAR and Mary Rhodes moved to Wood End in Roundhay which they shared with William Cadman and leased from him. The Rhodes stayed at Wood End from about 1845 for some twenty years. They had no children. For years JAR had a large financial stake in the Aire and Calder Navigation much of which had been given to him by his father. From the 1820s, JAR took an increasing part in managing the affairs of the Company and by 1830 he was firmly established as the most influential director. In 1847 he became Chairman of the Company, a position he held until his death in 1871. Over the years he worked tirelessly, always present at the meetings, and he kept himself informed of every aspect of the company's affairs. He was continually commuting to London to Parliament to oppose further expansion of the railways, especially when he felt the interests of the Aire and Calder Navigation were being compromised. ​ page 13 ​ Throughout all this time, the Rhodes kept Mytholm Hall and each month they would spend a week there. It is interesting that JAR used his influence to prevent the railway station at Hebden Bridge from being built within a mile of Mytholm Hall. In spite of his opposition to the railways, JAR and his wife travelled between Leeds and Mytholm by train. In the mid 1860s, JAR moved from Roundhay to Carleton, near Pontefract, to a house, Westhaugh, which he inherited from his sister, Caroline Lydia Hobson. Not long afterwards Mary Rhodes died. JAR lived on there for a few more years until he died in 1871. page 14 Brighton March 25 1857 ​ My dear Willie Your letter of the 4th of this month commences with “I am sorry to hear from your letter, that old Gosh is not satisfied about the Kirskill gift"; and having taken of this hypothesis you continue to argue upon it through your letter. I never wrote anything of the kind, and if you will refer to my letter you will see, that I there stated that I feared the gift which I had nothing to do with, would confirm Godfrey in his opinions, that he (James?) was not married because I would neither myself find him money, or influence my brother to do so: he calculating more than he had a right to do upon the length of my purse, and my influence with my brother. Now I hope you will see there is a great distinction between the two, for on the latter subject I cannot be mistaken; on the former I know nothing, not having heard from him for the last six months. At the distance you are from us you must pay a little more attention to what we write, or you will continue to have very erroneous opinions of what is really taking place amongst us, and these errors may lead too very serious misunderstandings. Godfrey may say, and with justice, my father has no right to say that "I am not satisfied about the Kirskill gift". When your sons are as old as mine, you will find you will have some difficulty in keeping clear from their various interests, without running your head into a needless difficulty. Pray therefore in future, read, learn, and inwardly digest my letters, before you come to anything like an unfavorable conclusion in family matters. This gift however does not seem to have produced all the satisfaction intended, and it would be hard indeed if Godfrey should have any real complaint against me, merely because you had misunderstood what I had written to you. Annie has had a long letter from your wife, and if in her answer she writes anything of a doubtful meaning pray give her the benefit of the ​ (written by William Rhodes WR1) Old Gosh is probably Godfrey Rhodes, brother of William (WR2) and Francis, who has been given the house called Kirskile. More on this subject coming! And he continues to discuss James and why he didn't live up to expectations! And then he chastises William [WR2] for his comments in letters that we unfortunately do not have. William (WR2) at this point has 5 sons under the age of 10! ​ doubt, and always put a favorable construction on what you hear from us. I am glad you continue well and in prosperity, for the war has thrown many a young man on military service, who is now but little contended (contented?) with his former quiet and economical home. God bless you dear Willie, and may you and yours be happy, for you will find five sons a very great charge. Your affectionate father WRhodes Godfrey, who wrote the "notes" in 1915, ​ Willie, Armitage, Frank ​ 1850's Number three 66 Youngs Lodgings Harrogate July 6 1857 My dear Willie I have your letter of the 10th of June, but fear I shall give you but a very unsatisfactory answer about the education of your Sons. I did not succeed in my own, though my Father gave me every chance; nor did I with my boys, though God knows I took a great deal of pains and trouble. If I had known what line of life they would be pleased to follow, then I might have had some chance, but not one of them followed up that line which I had hoped they would succeed in. You yourself are an example. Your education ought to have turned to jurisprudence, but I never could suppose that this would be your ultimate pursuit, and yet without this study, you never can hope to rise high in your present occupation. But no doubt you have made yourself in some degree master of this subject, and having done so, are a far better judge than I can be in the Education of your Sons. My prejudice is against German schools; the high-bred men in that country don't go to them, nor do they send out what we in England call gentlemen. But this prejudice/ if it is one/ may not apply to your case, because the society in Canada may not be so particular on this head as we are supposed to be in England. Again my dear Willie, what do I know of Canada? When I lived there Scotland produced the great men; and these came from obscure places and when by industry they became rich, they left the country. From such mediocrity no man rose much above his fellow, except perhaps some lawyer who remained there, knowing well he would not succeed in this. Times however are changed and you say you have no difficulty in bringing up and providing for your Sons; happy are you, For in England it is far otherwise and has been so as far as my memory can reach, and even Annie is beginning to look out ahead, over eldest boy is yet in petticoats, and the other cannot speak. Alas that we (written by William Rhodes WR1) ​ He is clearly not interested in leading the life of an aristocrat with many servants, and is critical of those that do. Col. Saumarez is his deceased daughter's husband, who remarried in 1850 and has 3 children. ​ ​ page 15 could but know what line of life our children would it take then we should have some chance; but not knowing this, perhaps the most safe plan is to give them the best education our purse can buy in the country in which they are to live, and this is all the advice I dare presume to give you. As I wrote to you last week I have no news to send you. I am in much better health; and my quiet lodgings and the little maid who attends upon me, do not cost in every thing 5 pounds a week. This is different to what is now going on in Brunswick Square. There Colonel Saumarez is attended upon by his servants, and mine; men servants and maid servants;/"he asses and she asses"/ and the house is full from top to bottom. The general news the Times will give you far better than I can do, and therefore with this you must be content. Believe me ever to remain your affectionate Father WmRhodes Genesis 12:16 And he dealt well with Abram for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he-asses, and men-servants, and maid-servants, and she-asses, and camels. longer, his time of life and long habits of misery, will unfit him for "sinning as it were with a cart rope". Annie and her family are quite well, and come to me for three months on Christmas day. She understands my ways and keeps her bairns from playing me, and her husband is very obliging, and he and I get on very well; he will be obliged to go back to Wales a part of the time, on account of the militia. Then Godfrey and I met in London; And walked and talked and went over the J:U:S:??Club together, and parted the best of friends: he is going forward to Chatham?, I to Brighton. So all is as it ought to be in that quarter. Francis and Madame are going to pay me a visit on Monday the 23rd; but not the bairns; they are to stay at home with Madame Mere. It will be but a short visit with a few people, but they understand their plans best. And now about Kirskile. I believe there never was a present more unfortunate then this has been: it neither contents the givers or the receivers; but I was/ happily/ never consulted, but all was agreed upon between them, before it was named to me. However we must hope for the best; and as it is a free gift, when my generation is dead and gone, Francis can sell it if he likes to the rich people at Leeds as a place for their villas; for riches will again be made when the good people of the West riding are recovered from their present over trading. Your Uncle and Aunt Rhodes are well, and so is Aunt Caroline: the aunts are looking very fat, but my brother is getting into less? room. And now God bless you and yours; and if you want more help if I have it/ and I see no cause for thinking I shall not/we will share with each other as long as you are in want. Remember me to Madame, and believe me your affectionate Father. WRhodes. God help you once more. page 17 57 Brunswick Square Brighton November 16, 1857 My dear Willie I trust ere this reaches you you will have had a very satisfactory letter from my bankers in London, and as the kitten never brings anything to the old cat, I hope this present of 500 pounds which I now make you will be as acceptable to you, as it is pleasant to me to have it in my power to send to you, and that it will keep the wolf out of your house this winter, and then if you want further help I am your man remember? You see I have got a thousand a year by those minerals at Cottingly, but I don't intend to look upon this as any part of my income, but to invest it as it comes in, and that these orders I have given to Mr. Brown, who acted upon it in August last for the first payment. And now for the History of the Old Man and his deeds, and why he did not write to you a week ago when first he heard of your misfortunes. I have had a lump at the back of my head for years: 10 years ago I wished to have it out, but as it gave me no pain and there would be some risk, it was thought better to let it alone. This summer it was enlarging and becoming troublesome, but then the weather was so hot that it was thought better to wait until autumn, And so this "Sword" has been hanging over my head for months. When I passed through London on 6th of November, on my road from Harrogate, I called up Caesar Hawkins one of the first surgeons in London, and he told me/ as I was in good health/ I had better have the lump out immediately, so I set out for Brighton, called on my road home on my surgeon, And he with two others were to do the job at 9 o'clock the next day. They gave me a hint that, no doubt at my time of life my house was set in order/ which was not pleasant/ and when on my reaching it, amongst other letters was one from Francis enclosing one from you, showing your difficulties. I wrote a letter to my bankers to relieve you for the present; resolving if all went on well you should hear from me, but not being in very good spirits, thought it best then not to trouble myself further. Now then for the result. 9 o'clock/ the 7th/ came, the job was done, and your poor old father "put to bed" as the women have it. Eight days are passed, and after being as "well as could be expected", I am dining as usual in quiet, and doing well. Two of the ligatures are come away, and we hope any day the third will follow, And then I may be pronounced cured. I was always shortsighted, and therefore have trouble in writing on account of bending my neck over the paper, but you will excuse me I am sure if all is not quite correctly written. As to the news from east, and west, you will learn this by the papers, but little did I think when I heard of the unhappy bank at Hull, that this would cause a rapping at my door, much less yours. Tiresome so it is: but you must remember that though I cannot help you so as to enable you to help others, I can assist you to hold up your head with a larger sum, should you find it necessary. Though these speculating people in their anxiety to get rich by distress upon their neighbors, those who are not in debt will pull through their difficulties; And those who have caused it all will in a few years be just as great gamblers as ever they were, or if they die, then their sons will tread in their footsteps; and this the world calls following the honorable occupation of commerce. Four times in my life I have seen this game carried out as it is at present calling but riches "covers a multitude of sins", and poverty kills a multitude of rogues. ​ And now for the deeds of your family. Of James I know nothing; except that he is always in want of money; but small sums content him, as he has no idea of his future prospects, and if I should live a few years (written by William Rhodes WR1) ​ Back in Brighton in November, and it seems [WR2] has some financial difficulties, and WR1 is happy to help. This is the Financial Crisis of 1857, interesting similarities to current affairs! ​ Lump removed from the old man's neck (he is 66) ​ ​ page 16 page 18 57 Brunswick Square Brighton December 2, 1857 My dear Willie Your letter of 14th of Nov. has reached me, and I write to congratulate you upon the birth of a daughter, may she be as great a comfort to you as mine has been to me. As to your boys they will obey you so long as they are young and perhaps their Mother may have some control over them afterwards, but this remember is all that you are to expect; without in Canada you manage matters much better than we do in England; however I have great reason to be thankful when I make comparison with what has fallen to the lot of other people. The Nicholsons of Roundhay for instance. This family has not only an eldest son who is a reprobate, but all his brothers are nearly as bad, and they are not only wicked but clever fellows, and are bringing down poor old Mr Nicholson/Of Roundhay/ with sorrow to the grave. So far I have succeeded in keeping James ignorant of his future prospects, and therefore he only gets in debt by hundreds, but thousands would not content him if he could see his future prospects. I must therefore thank God that things are no worse, And hope that if my life is spared, he will be too old to fool away all his money when he comes to it. How he is going on, on what kind of life he is leading, I know no more than you do, as he never writes to me but when he is in distress and debt. I fancy he is not married; but then he has deceived me so often on every subject that he may upon this also, For I now do not believe him even when he speaks the truth. So much for "Poor Jim" as in pity you once called him. And now for the bright side of the question I am in good health in my head no longer gives me any trouble, so that weight is taken off my mind. Then Francis and Madame and two of his children are on a visit with me, and all has been most agreeable, and I hope all will be well when they get to Kirskile; but no doubt he has what I think and large views on the subject of alterations, that is in comparison of what he would call my confined ones: but then he is a Gentleman every inch of him; and as he is much taller than I am, he must necessarily be a great Gentleman, which may account for his expanded views in comparison with mine. Then Godfrey is at Chatham: had he gone out with his regiment he would have twice been blown back again, but he has been saved that trouble as the headquarters of the 94th are I believe at this moment a second time landed in England. The unhappy man man that he is/Francis tells me/ is just as much in love with Miss Rickman as ever he was, and if she would have him would marry her tomorrow. I wonder what women don't burst out laughing in our faces when ever they meet us, seeing what fools they make of us. The mother keeps great friends with Godfrey, so that if the daughter cannot do better she may pick him out of the bottom of the Net at last, and he actually writes to me that he "has thank God a good and steady friend in Mrs. Rickman'!! Annie is coming to me for three months at Christmas, and her husband will be obliged to leave her here for six weeks, as the government is obliged to take up the militia once more hoping the man will volunteer into that line. ​ And last as to money: it seems that this time the distress will be confined to trade, and those who live by it, and deal Bills of various kinds, and yet their distresses have indirectly caused a rapping at my door. About changing my security in the Canada railroad I know nothing. I thought that matter was settled for the next 20 years, and that ​ (written by William Rhodes WR1) ​ The daughter just born is Mary Elizabeth (Minnie) Rhodes 1857-1942, my great-grandmother! She married a Morewood, that's where the Morewood name joined the Rhodes family. Now there are 6 children under 10! ​ The Nicholsons are a prominent family of Roundhay, and their oldest son was later sent to Canada in the care or William Rhodes at Quebec, where he mysteriously died shortly after arrival. ​ More about James who is still in the dark about the inheritance. ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ ​ the Canadian Government was my security: if I'm wrong in this I have made a very great mistake, and you must in the next letter you write give your explanations adapted to the meanest capacity. I have not heard from Yorkshire for the last ten days, but then all was going on well in that quarter: excepting that Wm Myers wrote to me that the labour would be difficult to obtain, and it was high time this change should take place; for every where the men were becoming masters and through the accommodation of the joint stock banks, every man was set up as the head of a House which he ought to have been sweeping out. I fear we shall all get through our troubles until next spring or summer, but remember if you require help you shall have it from me with a right good will, so long as I have it to give, and then we will go share and share alike. "Man wants but little here below nor wants that little long": at any rate that is my case. With kind remembrances to your wife, Believe me ever your affectionate Father WRhodes ​ ​ Francis's plans for renovation at Kirskile ​ Godfrey's regiment and his frustration with his love life. He later married Sarah Sheepshanks, they had no children. ​ ​ ​ ​ page 19 page 20 (note attached to letter) October 24 1915 Willie I send this letter also as it was written in 1857. It will show Min how she came by her name "Mary" and how nearly she was to being called "Turner". The old uncle you will see later was constantly sending Father money. GWR [Godfrey Rhodes] Roundhay 21 December 1857 My Dear Willie, Although your letter is dated 30 Nov–it only reached us this morning–and as the Subject it contains, in a domestic Point of View, maybe deemed material–I am ordered not to lay my head down to sleep until I have given an answer to your Enquiry, viz what was my wife's name previous to her marriage–if I had been left to myself I should have immediately answered "Mary Turner"– but my wife, looking to the object of this Enquiry, wishes me to state that she has no desire that your Daughter should bear the name of Turner –Mary is most assuredly an excellent name–whether borne by her or not–but Turner she thinks would be much better suppressed–all her relatives being long ago dead. You had better and therefore, In compliance with her wish, not bring this name forward at all. Whether you should write Mary with that of your wife or with other of your female relatives is a matter you must decide–we thank you for the intended compliment, but feel quite indifferent now that the offer has been made whether you carry it out or not– as we are not at all observant of such matters. ​ All we hope for is that your Daughter may grow up a comfort to you andyour wife– and a blessing to those who are around her. I think you carry my advice about not accepting the office of MP, offered you, too far. It is true I gave some suggestions on the subject–and so far as they have weight, they will ? ? ? when you adopt them. But it is impossible for me, at this distance–and with my entire ignorance of the office, or of its probable consequences, to decide, in any correct way, as to its eligibility all circumstances considered. Because those circumstances cannot be known– And if they were, could not, by me, Be duly considered. I must absolve myself from all responsibility on this subject–first because my advice was never asked– and next, Because I never had the proper means of giving any advice upon which Reliance could safely be placed– You ought to know what your motives have been– and whether, considering your large family, and your domestic duties, you are acting prudently in separating yourself from them, for any ? you could receive or confer. It would give me any great Pain if any Expression in any of my letters- of ? of which I have any copies, should interfere with your Sucess or Usefulness. All I have written, of which I have an imperfect Recollection, has been dictated, at the moment, by an anxiety for your welfare–and especially for that ? of happiness which is found at your domestic hearth: for there if anywhere in this world, true joy is to be found. My wife unites with me in love to you and your wife and in every good wish I wrote to you a few days ago announcing that 300 pounds had been paid to your credit-In which also my wife wrote I am ? J A Rhodes

  • Dunes | tidesoftadoussac1

    The Sand Dunes - Les dunes de sable Moulin Baude PREVIOUS NEXT PAGE circa 1965 circa 1900 A Pine Forest until 1845, when Thomas Simard built a sawmill and cut down all the trees. With some settler families who arrived to farm the thin soil, this was the original location of the village of Tadoussac. Une forêt de pins jusqu'en 1845, date à laquelle Thomas Simard construit une scierie et coupe tous les arbres. Avec quelques familles de colons qui sont arrivées pour cultiver le sol mince, c'était le lieu d'origine du village de Tadoussac. Sawmill-Scierie? More evidence of the sawmill in these two photographs, with piles of slab wood (the wood cut off the outside of the trees)in the background Circa 1900 ​ Davantage de preuves de la scierie sur ces deux photographies, avec des piles de dalles de bois (le bois coupé à l'extérieur des arbres) à l'arrière-plan Vers 1900 ​ ​ ​ The first photo might be Piddingtons? ​ ​ ​ The RHODES Family left to right ​ Back row: Frank Morewood (14, my grandfather), his brother John Morewood with a turban, Lilybell and Frances Rhodes sitting on either side of their father Francis, Dorothy Rhodes (Evans) and her father Army Front row: Nancy Morewood, Catherine Rhodes (Tudor-Hart), Charley Rhodes ​ La famille RHODES de gauche à droite Rangée arrière: Frank Morewood (14 ans, mon grand-père), son frère John Morewood avec un turban, Lilybell et Frances Rhodes assis de part et d'autre de leur père Francis, Dorothy Rhodes (Evans) et son père Army Première rangée: Nancy Morewood, Catherine Rhodes (Tudor-Hart), Charley Rhodes 37 years later! Peggy Durnford on the left married Elliot Turcot on the right. My mother Betty Morewood (Evans) is at the back, her father Frank Morewood was in the previous photograph. 1937 37 ans plus tard! Peggy Durnford à gauche a épousé Elliot Turcot à droite. Ma mère Betty Morewood (Evans) est à l'arrière, son père Frank Morewood était dans la photo précédente. 1937 Tobogganing on the dunes turned out to be very dangerous Luge sur les dunes s'est avéré très dangereux The power generating station La centrale électrique 1936 ?, Nan Wallace (Leggat)?, Elliot Turcot, ?, Boll Tyndale, Moulin Baude River 1937 ... Betty Morewood (Evans), Bar Hampson (Alexander/Campbell), JohnTurcot, ???, Nan Wallace (Leggat), Elliott Turcot, Peggy Tyndale, ? circa 1950 Skiing on the Dunes 1969 Ski sur les dunes 1969 In Grande Anse, beyond the sand dunes, is a source of of limestone. Three kilns were built in 1880 to convert the rock into LIME, and the site was worked by the Tremblays until the 1930's. ​ À Grande Anse, au-delà des dunes de sable, se trouve une source de calcaire. Trois fours ont été construits en 1880 pour convertir la roche en LIME, et le site a été exploité par les Tremblay jusqu'aux années 1930. Moulin Baude is a fantastic place! More photographs Moulin Baude est un endroit fantastique! Plus de photos PREVIOUS NEXT PAGE

  • 1930's | tidesoftadoussac1

    Été à Tadoussac Summer 1920-1940 NEXT PAGE PREVIOUS Mnay photos that I have collected from the summer community in Tadoussac are from the 1920's and 1930's. This was a time when many of our parents and grandparents were young and were lucky enough to enjoy summers in Tadoussac. They did many of the same activities that we do today, but they certainly wore different clothes! I hope it will give you a feel for what it was like to grow up in the summer community in those days. You may recognize some of the people! This is LONG, take your time! Seven Pages Please let me know what you think, or if you have corrections, or additions! Beaucoup de photos que je l'ai recueillies auprès de la communauté d'été à Tadoussac sont des années 1920 et 1930. Ce fut un temps où beaucoup de nos parents et grands-parents étaient jeunes et ont eu la chance de profiter des étés à Tadoussac. Ils ont fait un grand nombre des mêmes activités que nous faisons aujourd'hui, mais ils portaient des vêtements différents! Je l'espère, il vous donnera une idée de ce qu'elle était de grandir dans la communauté d'été dans ces jours. Vous pouvez reconnaître certaines des personnes! Cela est longue, prenez votre temps! 7 chapitres S'il vous plaît laissez-moi savoir ce que vous pensez, ou si vous avez des corrections ou des ajouts! First Page Première Page The Village of Tadoussac La ville de Tadoussac Travel by Car?? Voyage en Voiture?? Travel by Steamer Voyage par Steamer Second Page Deuxième Page The Summer Cottages Les Chalets d'été Third Page Troisième Page Picnics and the Beaches Pique-nique et les Plages Fourth Page Quatrième Page Meeting the Boat Rencontrer le Bateau Fifth Page Cinquième Page Saguenay Trips Des excursions sur le Saguenay Sixth Page Sixième Page Sports Sports Seventh Page Septième Page (More) Faces of Tadoussac (Plus) Visages de Tadoussac PREVIOUS NEXT PAGE